The Friends has sponsored THGC’s effort to change the College Board’s; AP US History; AP European History; and, AP World History curriculums to include both the Holocaust and genocide within their educational curriculums. Throughout America and Canada approximately 600,000 students study AP US History as well as an equal number take the AP European and AP World History courses. This accomplishment is the closest America has come to a national mandate to teach the Holocaust and genocide to our best and brightest students. All 5.3 million Texas students are required to take two of the social studies courses before graduation from high school.
As a result of THGC’s work with the College Boards the following statement by the college boards will for the first time require the teaching testing of the Holocaust and other genocides in their standard curriculum for the three separate
In the near future, Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission will begin working with the College Board to determine appropriate Holocaust and genocide content for Language Arts curriculums.
AP European History effective September 1, 2015
- Coding for IS-10, 4.1 III
“Fascist racism and the Holocaust”
- Description of Key Concept 4.1
Revision: (second to last sentence in first paragraph):
“The Nazi government in Germany undertook the annihilation of Jews from the whole continent (the Holocaust), as well as the murder of other targeted groups of Europeans.”
- 4.4 I B
“World War II decimated a generation of Russian and German men, virtually destroyed European Jewry, resulted in the murder of millions of other Europeans in groups targeted by the Nazis including Roma, homosexuals, people with disabilities and others forced large-scale ethnic migrations, and undermined prewar class hierarchies.”
Teachers have flexibility to use examples of groups targeted by the Nazis such as the following:
- People with disabilities
- Soviet POWs
- 4.1 III D
Fueled by racism and anti-Semitism, Nazi Germany—with the cooperation of some of the other Axis powers and collaborationist governments—sought to establish a “new racial order” in Europe, which culminated with the Holocaust.
Also one or two of the comments you made are best addressed in the teaching materials we create, such as the Evidence Planner, rather than in the curriculum. We will certainly aim to highlight these topics and individuals—such Raphael Lemkin—in our instructional support materials.
Lawrence and I will continue to work with Kristin and Christina from the Holocaust Memorial Museum to find ways to reach a greater audience among AP History teachers for the rich archival and teaching materials they offer.
We appreciate the dialogue and the sincere interest you are taking in the AP History courses—we know that professional dialogue always results in a clearer articulation of the course and its goals.”
Allison Thurber has affirmed that the AP World History will take effect September 2016 but I’ve included the statement of Allison Thurber that says, “…I just received confirmation of the final approved language pertaining to the Holocaust and genocide in the AP World History Curriculum Framework. Your recommendation that the Holocaust be required was approved by the committee. This is the final, approved language regarding the Holocaust and genocide in the larger section of the Curriculum Framework that addresses 20th century global conflicts and their consequences:
The proliferation of conflicts led to the Holocaust during World War II and other forms of genocide or ethnic violence.
Teachers are required to teach the Holocaust and at least one other example of genocide or ethnic violence. The curriculum framework offers three possible other examples (Armenians in Turkey during and after World War I, Cambodia during the late 1970s, and Tutsi in Rwanda in the 1990s), but, in keeping with our desire to give teachers as much flexibility as possible, they may also pick another example of their own choosing. However, teaching the Holocaust, as well as one additional example of genocide, is most definitely required.”
Lastly, Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission (THGC) asked the College Board to consider incorporating the Holocaust and genocide into the newly released AP US History Curriculum. The College Board has revised the AP US History curriculum, effective July 30, 2015. THGC and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum have agreed to prepare additional educational materials to properly teach these subjects.
After receiving instructions that the material be a specifically American issue, THGC resubmitted our request to include what happened in the US prior to WWII and again what America learned during the Liberation Period at the end of WWII from the discovery of Nazi slave and concentration camps, as well as the death factories. The College Board issued (July 30, 2015) a revised edition of the AP US History curriculum that includes the Holocaust and the racist, euthanasia and eugenics practices in America prior to 1940.
APUSH changes July 30, 2015
Period 7 1890-1945
Key concept 7.3, section II, page 74
- E) In the 1930s, while many Americans were concerned about the rise of fascism and totalitarianism, most opposed taking military action against the aggression of Nazi Germany and Japan until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor drew the United States into World War II.
Key concept 7.3, section III, page 75
Americans viewed the war as a fight for the survival of freedom and democracy against fascist and militarist ideologies. This perspective was later reinforced by revelations about Japanese wartime atrocities, Nazi concentration camps, and the Holocaust.